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  • ish 发布于2014-05-26
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    <title>Nigeria - Culture</title>
  <body bgcolor="#FFFF00">
            <p><strong><img style="float: right;" src="c:/website/trad_girl.jpg" alt="" width="150" height="270" />Introduction</strong></p><p>Because of the great diversity of people and culture, Nigeria has  distinguished herself over the centuries in the field of arts. Nigerian  versatility in art is so great that it is generally felt that all African  nations should view Nigeria as the principal trustee of the most durable fruits  of black artistic genius. It is not precisely known when the first works of  Nigerian art reached the outside world, but in 1897, following a British  punitive expedition to Benin, over 2,000 Benin bronzes and ivories were shipped  to England and later dispersed all over Europe and America.</p><p>The oldest sculptures found in Nigeria were from the Southern Zaria and Benue  areas of central Nigeria. They consist of terracotta figures and figurines made  by a people who achieved a high degree of cultural sophistication. These  sculptures, together with other cultural elements, have been named the Nok  Culture. Evidence shows the Nok people had knowledge of iron smelting and  adorned themselves with tin and stone beads, earrings, noserings and bracelets.  The Nok Culture is dated between 500 B.C. and 200 A.D. The next known phase of  Nigerian cultural evolution was Igbo Ukwu bronze casting. Found in the small  village of Igbo-Ukwu, near Awka, the casts date from the 9th Century A.D. They  first came to light in 1938 and consist of staff heads, crowns, breastplates,  pendants, ornaments, anklets, wristlets and chains.About the same time the  Igbo-Ukwu people were casting bronze, the ancient Ife people were also producing  works in bronze, copper, and terracotta. In the first quarter of this Century,  Ife works caused a great stir among world art critics and historians who were  unaccustomed to such naturalism in African art. The best known Nigerian artworks  are the Benin Antiquities. Legend recounts how the Benin people learned the art  of bronze casting from Ile-Jfe around 1400 A.D. Oba Ogunta, the sixth King of  Benin, is credited with having encouraged this art in Benin.</p><p><img style="float: right;" src="c:/website/womencultass.jpg" alt="" width="277" height="191" />Nigeria's cultural heritage is woven from threads of history and diversity,  legend and conquest. Tourists visiting the country will gain insights to a  glorious past as well as a promising future, set amid the natural beauty of this  diverse country. From rain forests in the south, broad savanna woodlands in the  center to a semi-desert region in the north, Nigeria offers a remarkable range  of physical beauty in her land and hospitality of her people, ready to be  enjoyed by the tourist fortunate enough to choose this land of ancient empires  as their travel destination.</p><p>Nigeria is a vast country with a population of about 120 people covering  about 923,768 of landmass, located wholly within the tropics. The country  aptly described as the 'Giant of Africa' is richly endowed with ecological and  cultural resources, which are of universal recognition. The richness and  diversity of the Nigeria culture is a manifestation of the socio-cultural  differences of the over 250 ethnic groups that inhabit the land for ages.</p><p>Tourism is one of the growing sectors the Nigerian economy. The industry was  accorded priority status in 1990 when the National Tourism Policy was launched.  The main thrust of Government policy on tourism was to generate foreign exchange  earnings, create employment opportunities, promote rural enterprises and  national integration among other things.</p><p>In recognition of the immense contributions of tourism to the national  economy, the country's Vision 2010 set year 2005 as the nation's year of  tourism. The obvious implication of this development is that tourism policies  and programmes will now be aimed at making Nigeria the "Ultimate Tourism  Destination in Africa" by the year 2005.</p><p><strong>Nigeria's Appeal To Tourists</strong></p><p><img style="float: right;" src="c:/website/culture6.gif" alt="" width="161" height="273" />Nigeria offers a wide variety of tourist attractions such as extended and  roomy river and ocean beaches ideal for swimming and other water sports, unique  wildlife, vast tracts of unspoiled nature ranging from tropical forest,  magnificent waterfalls, some new rapidly growing cities and climatic conditions  in some parts particularly conducive to holidaying. Other attractions include  traditional ways of life preserved in local customs; rich and varied handicrafts  and other colourful products depicting or illustrative of native arts and  lifestyle, and the authentic unsophisticated but friendly attitude of many in  the Nigerian population. However, many of these attractions are still largely  untapped and even at their raw states, they are still being enjoyed by few  outsiders, either very rich visitors in quest of exoticism or adventurous people  in search of new challenges and experiences. The lack of required modern  infrastructural facilities and in some parts of the country acute conditions of  underdevelopment and poverty can be seen which many potential Nigeria bound  tourist may not like to be confronted with. These are impediments to tourism,  which the new administration has been tackling since assumption of office.  Investors, both foreign and local are therefore called upon to come and invest  in the abundant tourism potentials in the country. The richness and diversity of  Nigeria's tourism resources coupled with economic liberalisation policies will  provide investment opportunities in various areas as follows:</p><p>Heritage/Cultural Tourism Resources Development of slave trade relics</p><p>Establishment of museums and preservation of monuments</p><p>Wildlife Tourism Resources</p><p>Development of hiking trails and Jeep tracks in the national parks</p><p>Development of picnic and camping sites at strategic locations within the  trail circuit system in the national parks</p><p>Building of tourist lodges</p><p>Building of reception centres at Natural/Physical Attractions</p><p>Provision of cable bus system to take tourist through the very rugged but  scenic terrain of the mountains especially in Kanyang, Obudu and Mambilla  Plateau Construction of lodge cabins for expedition tourist and rangers.</p><p>Establishment of hotels and resorts near waterfalls, springs, caves and  temperate climate areas such as Obudu, jos and Mambila Plateau.</p><p>Beach Tourism potentials Establishment of boating and sport fishing  facilities</p><p>Development of water transportation Provision of educational facilities for  water skiing and swimming</p><p>Establishment of holiday resorts along the coasts.</p><p>Development of Amusement parks, entertainment facilities and shopping  services</p><p><img style="float: right;" src="c:/website/culture2.jpg" alt="" width="179" height="237" />Development of arts and crafts which constitute symbol of the people's  cultural values and love for nature.<span style="font-family: arial; font-size: small;"> </span></p><p><strong>Some Business Opportunities</strong></p><p><strong>Transportation</strong> Nigeria has attained a high level of good  transportation system especially Airline and Road Transportation, investment  opportunities are still needed in water recreation transportation and rail  services.</p><p><strong>Hospitality</strong> The hospitality sector of the tourism industry seems to be  the most competitive area with the presence of starwood Hotel Groups, owners of  Sheratons, Hilton, Le Meridien, Shangra Lai the Asian Hotel giant in restaurants  and many</p><p><strong>Beach</strong></p><p>Meanwhile, most of Nigeria's beautiful beaches locations are still largely  without accommodation facilities, which are targets for investors in most  tourism destinations across the globe.</p><p><strong>Tour Operations</strong></p><p>Like the Europeans and Americas tour companies invaded the North, South and  East Africa by having tour offices in these regions which enable them to market  destinations in their home countries is lacking in the case of Nigeria.</p><p>Any Company willing to do so for Nigeria will be highly welcome.local hotel  and restaurant groups battling for a better share of the market.</p><p><strong>Investment Climate</strong></p><p>Apart from the enormous potentials and investment opportunities in the  Nigerian tourism sector, the country's investment climate at present is one of  the most favourable in Africa for a number of reasons, among which is Political  Stability.</p><p>The enthronement of a viable democratic system, which guarantees political  stability, improves international relation and respect for human rights would in  various ways enhance investment opportunities in the country.</p><p><strong>Tourism Incentives</strong></p><p><img style="float: right;" src="c:/website/culture3.gif" alt="" width="161" height="201" />The provision of incentives in the 1990 National Tourism Policy were also to  enhance private sector participation. These are in the following areas:</p><p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p><p>Tourism investment atmosphere in Nigeria is now conducive given the abundant  resources available, large market, enthronement of enduring democracy, and a  package of incentive put together by government. Foreign investors and other  interested individuals should take these advantages to invest in the Nigerian  tourism industry for sustainability and profitable returns.</p><p><strong>Tourism Investment Opportunities In Nigeria</strong></p><p>A Tourism policy was produced in 1990 with the basic objective of making  Nigeria the ultimate tourism destination in Africa.</p><p>The main thrust of government policy on tourism, is to generate foreign  exchange, encourage even development, promote tourism based rural enterprises,  generate employment and accelerate rural urban integration and cultural  exchange.</p><p>Due to the importance the Nigerian government attaches to the tourism  industry, the following s
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try1.html37.60 kB25-03-12|14:48
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